Lolli’s Mate, named after Giambattista Lolli, is a checkmate pattern delivered with a pawn and Queen after your opponent castles.
A pawn is pushed to the 6th rank with your opponents King on the 8th rank and your Queen get’s to the h6-Square. Then the Queen delivers checkmate moving to the g7 square. Using the Chess tactic known as a sacrifice is common on the H-file in order to open it up for the Queen to get in position to deliver this mate.
This example is from a Blindfold Chess simul all the way back in 1871. Blackburne delivers the beautiful mate pattern to win the game.
Here are two practice puzzles for Lolli’s Mate you can try right here.
It’s White’s to move and threatens mate in two. Where would you move first? And would Black be able to prevent checkmate? And are you, White, safe from a Back Rank mate from Black’s Queen?
This puzzle demonstrated a common tactic used to position the Queen on the H-File so Qh6 is free for the Queen to move to and then deliver checkmate, Lolli style.