Fabiano Caruana is a United States chess Grandmaster, born on July 30th, 1992 in Miami, Florida to Italian parents- Lou and Santina Caruana. Karjakin was awarded the title of Grandmaster in 2007, the title of International Master in 2006, and the FIDE Master title in 2002. As of August 2022, Caruana’s FIDE rating was 2776 while his Peak rating was 2844 as of October 2014. He holds dual citizenship in both Italy and the United States.
Caruana’s family moved from Miami to the Park Slope suburb of Brooklyn, New York City, when he reached four years old. His board games brilliance was realized at the age of five years old during an after-school board game event at gathering Beth Elohim, a reform Jewish gathering in Park Slope. That same year, he competed in his debut game at the Polgar Chess Center in Queens, New York. Caruana resided and competed in the United States through to the age of 12, often commuting to Europe and South America to compete in the championship. From the age of 6 to 8, he went to school with National Master Bruce Pandolfini, and from the age of 8 to 12, he schooled with Grandmaster Miron Sher.
In 2004, he moved with his household from Brooklyn to Madrid, Spain, to undertake a competent chess profession, and he represented Italy between 2005 and 2015. In Madrid, Caruana studied with International Master Boris Zlotnik, and in 2007, he relocated to Budapest to study with Grandmaster Alexander Chernin. He relocated to Lugano, Switzerland, in 2010 and began training with grandmaster Vladimir Chuchelov at the close of that year. In 2014, he relocated to St. Louis, Missouri.
Caruana won the “First Saturday” Grandmaster championship in Budapest in July 2007, scoring 7/9. He received his ultimate Grandmaster norm at the age of 14 years, 11 months, and 20 days, hence becoming the youngest Grandmaster in both the United States and Italy, breaking Hikaru Nakamura’s US record. Caruana competed in the Ruy Lopez Festival in April 2008, which comprised a seven-set confined contest and a 2-day rapid open championship. Caruana finished the seven-set confined championship with poor performance of -2 and achievement of 2513. Caruana competed in his 1st Olympiad, the 38th Olympiad, in November of that year. He faced Levon Aronian in the 1st set, Viktor Korchnoi in the 4th set, Michael Adams in the 5th set, Emanuel Berg in the 7th set, and Peter Leko in the 8th set while competing in board one for Italy. He was defeated by Aronian and Leko but defeated Adams, Korchnoi, and Berg. His ultimate score was 7.5./11, and his achievement was 269.
Furthermore, Caruana triumphed in the Italian National Tournament for the 4th occasion in 2011 after winning previously in 2007, 2008, and 2010. He was a runner-up in the 74th Tata Steel Chess Tournament in 2012 with three other competitors including Magnus Carlsen. The following year, Caruana claimed the Zurich Chess Challenge, scoring 4/6 points, and also the 7th category of the Kings Championship scoring 5/8 points in Bucharest, Romania. In addition, he took part in the 2016 Candidates Tournament played in Moscow, Russia, and in September of that year, Caruana competed on the First board for the U.S squad at the 42nd Chess Olympiad. In the event, the U.S became gold medalists while Caruana bagged a bronze medal on board one.
Moreover, in 2018, Caruana claimed the Candidates Tournament having scored 9/14 points hence advancing to the 2018 World Chess Championship where he battled out with Magnus Carlsen for the trophy. In 2020, he achieved victory at the 20th edition Tata Steel Masters having scored 10/13 points above Magnus Carlsen by two points. He came second in 2021 at the FIDE Grand Swiss Tournament after scoring 7.5/11 points and topped in the 2021 FIDE World Rapid Tournament with a shared score of 9.5/ 13 points. During the Tata Steel Chess Tournament in 2022, Caruana scored 6.5/14 points thus finishing 8th. He competed for the U.S on the first board at the 44th Chess Olympiad helping them finish 5th having scored 5/10.
Won four times the Italian Chess Tournament – 2007, 2008, 2010, and 2011.
Won the Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting thrice- 2012, 2014, and 2015.
Triumphed in the 2014/2015 FIDE Grand Prix.
Runner-up in 2016 and winner in the 2018 Candidates Tournament.
Earned victory at the 2016 U.S Chess Championship.
Achieved victory in 2017 at the London Chess Classic.